Literary Word Challenge
For Hogan’s IB “Killas” vs. Spachman’s
The Challenge Has Been
The Battle of the Literary Geniuses Will
Happen Before Break!
is a story in which people, things, and actions represent an idea or a
generalization about life; allegories often have a strong moral or
Ex: Plato’s allegory of the cave
is a literary reference to a familiar person, place, thing, or event.
Ex: He is a strong as Hercules.
is a comparison of two or more similar objects, suggesting that if they
are alike in certain respects, they will probably be alike in other ways
Ex: The first trip to space was
like the birth of a new baby.
is a short summary of a humorous event used to make a point.
Ex: I missed my alarm clock and
got to school late. On the way to class I tripped down the stairs because I
was in such a hurry. Ms. Spachman saw me and laughed…cruelly.
Antagonist is the
person or thing working against the protagonist, or hero, of the work.
Ex: Wicked Witch in The Wizard
of Oz, Darth Vader in Star Wars, death in “The Death of the
Moth,” the “cruel hand” in “Old Mrs. Grey.”
Caricature is a
picture or an imitation of a person’s features or mannerisms exaggerated
in a comic or absurd way.
the method an author used to reveal characters and their personalities.
is usually the most intense point in a story.
is literature in which human errors or problems appear funny. Comedies
end on a happy note.
Ex: Ms. Hogan’s real life.
is the problem or struggle in the story that triggers the action
One character in a story has a problem with one or more of the other
A character has a problem with some element of society: the school, the law,
the accepted way of doing things.
Person vs. self:
A character has a problem deciding what to do in a certain situation.
A character has a problem with nature: heat, cold, a tornado, an avalanche,
or any other element of nature.
Person vs. fate
A character must battle what seems to be an uncontrollable problem.
Whenever the conflict is an unbelievable or strange coincidence, it can be
attributed to fate or an act of God.
Denouement is the
final resolution or outcome of a play or story.
is an author’s choice of words based on their correctness, clearness, or
diction: words are
those that are old-fashioned and no longer sound natural when used, as “I
believe thee not” for “I don’t believe you.”
Colloquial diction: an
expression that is usually accepted in informal situations and certain
locations, as in “He really grinds my beans.”
diction: is the
specialized language used by a specific group, such as those who use
computers: override, interface, download.
Profanity diction: is
language that shows disrespect for someone or something regarded as holy
diction: is the
informal language used by a particular group of people among themselves,
it is also language that is used in fiction to lend color and feeling:
awesome, G-Unit, yous.
Vulgarity or Vulgar diction:
is language that is generally considered crude, gross, and, at times,
offensive. It is sometimes used in fiction to add realism.
literature instructs or presents a moral or religious statement.
is the form of literature known as plays; but drama also refers to the
type of serious play that is often concerned with the leading character’s
relationship to society.
monologue is a
literary work (or part of a literary work) in which a character is
speaking about themselves as if another person were present. The words
the speaker reveals something important about their character.
is putting yourself in someone else’s place and imagining how that person
is a long narrative poem that tells of the deeds and adventures of a hero.
is a brief, witty saying or poem often dealing with its subject in a
Ex: “There never was a good war or
a bad peace.” –Ben Franklin
is a sudden perception (the ah-ha Oprah moment) or understanding that
causes a character to change or act in a certain way.
is a short poem or verse written in memory of someone.
is a word or phrase used in place of a person’s name, it is characteristic
of that person: Alexander the Great, Material Girl, Ms. Know-It-All.
overstating or sketching the truth for special effect.
Ex: My shoes are killing me!
Exposition is writing
that is intended to explain something that might otherwise be difficult to
understand. In a play or novel, it would be the portion that gives the
background or situation surrounding the story.
is a short fictional narrative that teaches a lesson.
action is the part of
a play or story that works out the decision arrived at during the climax.
is literature based on a humorous and improbable plot.
Figurative language is
language used to create a special effect or feeling.
of speech is a
literary device used to create a special effect or feeling by making some
type of interesting or creative comparison.
Antithesis is an
opposition, or contrast, of ideas
Ex: “It was the best of times, it
was the worst of times.”
Hyperbole is an
exaggeration or overstatement:
Ex: I have seen this river so wide
it had only one bank
is a comparison of two unlike things in which no word of comparison (like
or as) is used.
Ex: A great plant is a machine that
runs on solar energy.
is the substituting of one world for another related word:
Ex: The White House has decided to
create more public service jobs. (White House is substituted for president).
Personification is a
literary device in which the author speaks of or describes an animal,
object, or idea as if it were a person
Ex: The rock stubbornly refused to
is a comparison of two unlike things using the words like or as:
Ex: “She stood in front of the
alter, shaking like a freshly caught trout.”