Black and Latino families generally earn much less
than white families. In 1993, the median weekly earning for black
families was $490; for Latinos, it was $505. White family income for
that same period averaged at $739.
According to the 1994 U.S. Department of Labor
statistics, blacks are still more than twice as likely as whites to be
A late 1990s Gallup poll showed that 73% of
Americans approve of companies making conscientious efforts to identify and
recruit qualified women and people of color.
In 1993, black women earned a median income of
$19,816 compared to $22,023 for white women and $31,089 for white men.
Latina women's median income was even lower, at $16,758.
Credit: Due 5/16
By 1990, over 11% of college students were black, a
number that comes close to being representative of the percentage of blacks
in the U.S. population as a whole.
In 1995, the Federal Glass Ceiling Commission
reported that the American workforce is increasingly diverse. In 1950,
white men were 65% of the labor force. By 1990, that figure had
dropped to 43%. During the same period, the percentage of white women
in the workforce increased from 24% to 35%, and minority representation
doubled, from 7.5% to 15%.
California's Proposition 209, an anti-affirmative
action initiative, passed by a narrow margin in 1997. After it passed,
admissions of minority students dropped sharply. At the University of
California--Berkeley alone, overall admissions of black, Latino, and Native
American students dropped by 50%.
Extra Credit: Due
In 1999, The National Conference, a workplace
diversity organization, found that 63% of whites thought African Americans
have equal opportunity in the work place. 80% of African Americans
felt they did not have equal opportunity.
Women still earn 75 cents to each $1 earned by men.
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, this pay gap exists even within
the same occupation. Over a lifetime, the average woman loses $420,000
in wages due to this typical pay difference.
Extra Credit: Due 6/6
White men are 33% of the total population of the
United States, yet they are...
86% of tenured professors
85% of partners in major law firms
80% of the U.S. House of Representatives
90% of the U.S. Senate
95% of Fortune 500 CEO's
97% of school superintendents
99.9% of professional athletic team owners
100% of U.S. Presidents